Honey

Honey is a product of a really natural procedure, which takes advantage of...

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THE BEE PRODUCTS

Honey
Bees receive nectar from flowers or honey dew excretions...

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THE SOCIETY OF BEES

Bees are social insects. They live as families and each family, which comes up to about 50.000 bees, consists of the queen, the workers and the drones.

THE QUEEN: She is the mother of the whole swarm. One can identify her by her quite bigger body and her shorter wings in comparison with the other bees. She lives 2-3 years and sometimes her life lasts even 5 years. It is the unique true female in the hive. She lays approximately 2.000 – 3.000 eggs a day and places them in each cell, one by one.

When the first queen is born and gets out of her cell, disposes of the other queens which are still being incubated, by piercing the inner side of the hive with her dart before the others having the time to open their cells and spring out.

The queen that already existed in the hive gathers a number of bees (a swarm) and they all fly away, after the birth of the new queen. She will make a new bee-hive at another place.

THE WORKERS: The workers come from the inseminated ova. While they have the same origin with the queens, they are imperfect females and incapable of reproduction.

They evolution of the worker from the stage of being an egg to becoming a perfect insect requires 21 days. Its span of life varies from 28 days to 5 months.

As soon as the young worker is born, it learns to be busy with something. The first six days it is occupied with the cleanliness of the hive. Another occupation is the warming up of the offspring. It looks after the new-born ones and feeds them. It becomes a guard of the hive. It ensures the calmness inside the hive and prevents other bugs from entering it. For its defense it uses its dart which contains poison. It builds hexagon cells taking advantage of the space properly and uses the smallest quantity of wax for the partitions among the cells.

Furthermore, what is quite impressive is the way in which bees keep the temperature of the hive steady. They achieve this by crowding at a point and flapping their wings up and down in combination with the temperature of their bodies. The temperature which is kept in the hive is 30-37 ° C. The bee, coming back from tracing, gives the rest of the bees the information, where flowers are, how many they are and in what distance, using three ways respectively:

  1. The sound
  2. The fragrance
  3. The dance

The bee which has discovered a new source of nectar informs its sisters relatively performing a dance in the hive. The dance is circular when the source of nectar is within a distance smaller than 100 meters, or it is vivid in a shape of number eight (8), when the source is farther than 100 meters.

In search of its food the bee uses all its senses, vision, scent, taste, smell, touch. The eye-sight of the bee is very well developed and it helps it orientate even on its distant journeys.

It distinguishes the ultraviolet rays that traverse clouds which let it orientate itself in relation to the sun, when the sky is slightly cloudy. It can't see red. In order to spot its food, it flies around the bee-hive within a radius of 1.700 meters on average.  

During the nectar collection, the worker leaves some substances on flowers, to inform the rest, that the specific flowers have been visited by another collector.

THE DRONES: They are the male bees. They come from infertile eggs (ova). The main role of the drones is the insemination of the queen, a very significant part for the perpetuation of the species. They also carry out other jobs. They warm up the offspring replacing the workers which hatch.

 

 
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